Will This Green Mold (Lichens) Growing on My Tree Kill It

Lichens attached and growing on the bark of a tree

Do you have a mold-like greenish substance growing on your tree trunk or branches? Don’t break out the pruning shears so fast, you may be surprised to discover what it is and what it means.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com gathered the following information about what lichens are, where they grow, and what they mean.

What are Lichens

Lichens are formed from a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and an algal partner and can grow on nearly any surface.

Lichen growth on a wooden park bench

The Fungal Partner – The filaments of the fungal partner (mycobiont) surround and grow into the algal partner’s cells. The fungal partner represents the majority of the lichen’s physical bulk and shape, forms the outer surface for protection and support, and collects both moisture and minerals from the air.

The Algal Partner – The algal partner (phycobiont) possesses chlorophyll used to make food when exposed to sunlight, thus creating the symbiotic relationship needed for the two species to thrive as one.

Lichen growth on the bark of a tree trunk

Lichens differ from plants in that they do not have leaves, stems, roots, or a waxy outer surface to regulate its water content. When dew, mist, and rain are present, the lichens continue to grow. In summer or during dry periods, they will lie dormant waiting for the next rainfall.

When moisture is unavailable, lichens may suffer a complete loss of body water and become brittle. During these times, pieces may break or flake off, settling in a new location, and later growing into new lichens. When moisture becomes available again, they quickly absorb water, becoming rehydrated, soft, and fleshy again.

Lichens attached and growing of a concrete wall

Lichens can adapt to their location and can be found in nearly any environment growing on trees, stones, wooden decks, glass, and any other surface that combines sunlight and moisture.

Lichens attached and growing on a metal lamp post

Lichens on Trees

Lichens are commonly found on trees and are frequently misinterpreted as being a sign of decay within the tree. Unlike the fungi that feed off of a tree’s decaying body, the rhizines (multicellular root-like structures) of lichen only serve to anchor its body to the tree, rarely penetrating the bark completely.

Lichens do not feed on a tree’s nutrients. They are a self-sufficient organism, producing their own food, therefore doing no harm to the tree.

The confusion begins when a tree starts to die. As the tree loses its foliage, more sunlight becomes available to the lichens coincidentally, and their growth rate increases. Due to this coincidence, many believe that the mere presence of lichens is a signal of a diseased or a dying tree.

A diseased, stressed, or dying tree may have both lichens and unrelated fungal organisms growing on the same portion of the tree. In such cases, you or your tree expert may need to prune away the affected or dead tissue for the benefit of the rest of the tree. In making these types of decisions, you need to be aware of the unique nature of lichens and the difference between those fungi participating within a lichen symbiotic relationship and other fungi separately feeding on the tree.

You can learn more about Warning Signs, Problems and Solutions for Trees by reading fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/warning-signs-problems-solutions-atlanta-trees

Fungus and Lichen Identification

There are several differences between fungi and lichen on trees. You can identify a fungus or fungal infection on a tree by:

• Mushroom conks (reproductive structure) on the tree.
• Swollen areas of bark
• Dark streaks are oozing or running down the tree trunk from a knot or wound.
• Cankers are forming on branches or trunk.
• Carpenter ants are establishing a nest within the tree.
• Extreme leaf drop (out of season).
• Chlorosis (loss of green color) of part of or the entire crown.

Mushroom conks on tree trunk indicating disease in the heartwood

You can identify a lichen on a tree by:

• A flat green, bluish, or greyish growth along the surface of tree bark.
• The absence of symptoms of a fungal infection.

Tree bark covered with lichens

There is little cause for concern when lichens are found growing on the bark of a tree, but when a fungus is thriving on a tree trunk or branch, immediate action must be taken to prune, treat, or remove the tree.

Benefits and Uses of Lichens

While lichens may seem to provide little benefit, they are widely studied and used in ways that may surprise you. Lichens are consumed by animals like deer, goats, and caribou, while many species of birds use lichen materials to help build their nests.

Certain species of lichens are used to produce antibiotics, while others are used to create the miniature landscape for scale sized building models and model railroad tracks.

Lichens found on healthy trees should be welcomed as positive indicators of lower levels of air pollution and good quality atmospheric conditions. Lichens tend to die off in overly polluted areas.

Healthy tree with Lichens growing on its bark

Trees and Lichens

Lichens growing on trees may seem like a sign of trouble, when in fact, they are a sign of clean air and do little to no harm to the tree.

In this article, you discovered that lichens growing on trees do not represent a threat to the tree’s health, their benefits to medicine, how to tell them apart from a fungal infection, and their use in creating model landscapes.

Knowing how to identify lichens on your trees will save you from worrying about the dangers of a fungal infection. Furthermore, their presence should be heralded as a testament to the good air quality of your neighborhood.

Sources:
https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/what_are_lichens_and_what_are_they_doing_on_my_tree
https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenlh.html
https://njaes.rutgers.edu/fs1205/

Fast Tree Removal Services Atlanta

3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965
Fast Tree Removal Services Dunwoody

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The original post Will This Green Mold (Lichens) Growing on My Tree Kill It appeared first on http://www.fasttreeremovalatlanta.com

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Who Do I Call When Trees Interfere with Power Lines in Atlanta Georgia?

Tree fell through residential power lines

When trees contact or interfere with power lines, there is great potential for catastrophic damages to the tree, surrounding structures, and human life. Knowing who to contact in this situation is critical in restoring a safe environment.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com gathered the information and steps to take when a tree contacts, damages, or interferes with a dangerous power line.

A Tree Fell On or Through Power Lines

Traffic and Pedestrian Danger – If that tree presents or has created an immediate danger to traffic and/or pedestrians, dial 911 for emergency services.

Contact the Power Company – You can report any tree on public or private property which has simply fallen into or through power lines without creating a hazardous situation by calling (888) 891-0938 – press option #3 for “dangerous condition,” or by visiting customerservice2.southerncompany.com/CustService/ContactUs and using the live chat feature.

Power Lines Fallen on Your Car – If a fallen tree brings power lines in contact with your vehicle while you are in it, DO NOT exit your car or try to move the power lines. Use your cell phone to call 911 for help and wait for assistance inside your vehicle.

Reporting Trees Interfering with Power Lines in Atlanta Georgia

The following scenarios detail who to call when you spot a tree interfering with power or high voltage lines:

A Tree on Public Property Interfering with Power Lines – Anyone can report public trees posing an imminent threat to utilities and power lines to the City of Atlanta Department of Parks, which will dispatch an arborist to determine if the tree needs to be trimmed back or removed altogether.

Public trees growing into power lines in Atlanta Georgia

The City of Atlanta Department of Parks can be contacted at 404-546-6813 from 7:30am to 4:30pm. If an emergency situation arises outside of regular business hours or holidays, dial 911 for assistance.

A Tree on Private Property Interfering with Power Lines – In this situation, the size of the tree makes a difference. Typically, trees on private property with a DBH (Diameter at Breast Height) of six or more inches are protected from removal or injury by City ordinance and may require a permit.

However, if you can prove that the tree presents an imminent danger to structures and people, the need for a permit may be waved.

In such cases, you would need to contact:

• First, The City of Atlanta Arborist Division at (404) 330-6874 or by email at arborist.dpcd@atlantaga.gov to determine if the situation warrants exemption from the need of a tree removal permit or not.

• Second, once you have a permit or an exemption from the city, hire a professional tree service to either prune the tree or remove it.

• Third, contact Georgia Power customer service at (888) 660-5890 to request service interruption for the scheduled date and time the tree will be pruned or removed.

For full details on the tree handling ordinance and permit process, visit fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/tree-ordinance-and-removal-permit

How to Prevent Trees from Interfering with Power Lines

When planting trees, species and location selection are essential for tree and root health. But don’t forget to look up, and ask:

• Is this an overstory or understory tree?
• Will this tree interfere with nearby power lines?
• If this tree were to fall, would it compromise any power lines?

For more information on Tree Planting Location, Landscape, and the Right Species, read fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/tree-planting-location-landscape-species

As trees mature, seasonal maintenance becomes more and more essential to their health and to your safety. Make sure your trees are prepared for Atlanta’s storm and hurricane season by having a tree professional inspect them.

For tips on Preparing Trees for Hurricane and Storm Season, read fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/preparing-trees-hurricane-storm-season

Why Tree Branches Touching Power Lines Are Dangerous

When tree branches touch power lines or high voltage lines, the following potentially catastrophic outcomes may occur:

Tree branch in contact with high voltage power line

Electric Shock and Electrocution – Coming into contact with an energized tree may cause electric shock or electrocution. A person surviving electric shock from a tree may present the following symptoms:

• Severe Burns
• Muscle Pain and Spasms
• Seizures
• Unconsciousness
• Shallow Breathing
• Slowed Heartbeat

In this situation, call 911 for emergency medical services and do not attempt to assist the individual if he or she is still in contact with the energy source.

Tip: Even if the individual presents no visible symptoms, a medical examination may be required to detect internal or neurological damages.

Combustion and Fire Hazard – Tree limbs in contact with power lines become energized, heat up, and may catch fire. Now you are dealing with an energized tree in flames.

During dry or drought conditions, these flames may engulf the crown of the tree and spread to other trees or nearby structures.

In this situation, call 911 for emergency fire services and avoid trying to extinguish a tree on fire (that is in contact with power lines) with a garden hose or other water source. The water may serve as a conductor and lead to your injury or death by electrocution.

If the tree on fire is a eucalyptus or is near one, use extreme caution. Eucalyptus sap, bark, leaves, and branches are highly flammable and may easily ignite, or the tree may simply explode.

Watch the tree in this video interfere with power lines, catch fire, and finally explode.

Trees on Power Lines

Whether by growth or storm damage, trees contacting power lines are dangerous to everyone and everything around them. This type of situation should be treated with extreme caution and reported to the authorities and professionals to resolve.

In this article, you discovered who to contact when trees interfere with or bring down power lines, and how to respond to the extreme hazard of energized trees, shock, and electrocution.

Your delay in reporting an interfering tree could result in catastrophic damages to that tree, a fire or electrocution of someone.

Sources:
https://www.atlantaga.gov
https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-electrical-shock/basics/art-20056695

Fast Tree Removal Services Atlanta

3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965
Fast Tree Removal Services Dunwoody

2111 Peachford CirDunwoodyGA 30338
(404) 220-9963

The original post Who Do I Call When Trees Interfere with Power Lines in Atlanta Georgia? appeared first on http://www.fasttreeremovalatlanta.com

How Trees Recover from Wounds and Pruning

Seasonal tree pruning and compartmentalization to promote new growth and health

Every time you improperly prune your tree, you could be killing it. However, as soon as you make the cut, your tree begins a long and fantastic recovery process.

Trees don’t heal, they seal. Compartmentalization is the process trees use to isolate split bark, pruned limbs, and even severe weather damage. As long as you have correctly pruned your tree or dressed its wounds, its natural process takes over and slowly finishes its recovery.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com gathered information about tree bark damage, pruning, how they recover from potentially life-threatening wounds, and what you can do to help them throughout the recovery process.

Tree Wounds and Infection

There are many ways a tree can sustain life-threatening damage, and in some cases, we accidentally cause it ourselves. The following are ways trees can be damaged, get infected, and how to help them recover:

Storm Damage – During severe storms, airborne objects may strike and damage limbs or the bark on the trunk. Such damage leaves trees vulnerable to infection, infestation, and can quickly lead to the decline of its health and death.

Tree compartmentalization broken branch from weather damage

Solution: For damaged limbs or branches, they should be pruned back to a point before the damage begins or in extreme cases, all the way back to the trunk just outside the branch collar.

Solution: For damaged bark, if the bark is still on the tree, use a tree wrap to hold it in place while the tree repairs itself. If the damage has left an open wound, trim off any jagged edges and let the tree close off the area naturally.

If an area of the bark has been damaged which circles more than 2/3 of the trunk (at the same height), this damage will likely lead to the girdling and death of the tree. In such cases, contact a tree professional to evaluate the tree and offer a course of action.

Read more about handling tree bark damage at fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/handling-tree-bark-damage

Pruning Wounds – The act of pruning causes a wound with each limb or branch removed from a tree. The majority of pruning activities are meant to encourage growth in sparse areas of the crown, remove unwanted growth, and remove parts of the tree that are dead, damaged, infested, or infected.

For all limbs pruned back to the trunk, they should be removed without cutting or damaging the branch collar.

Do not cut into the branch collar for tree compartmentalization to occur
These cuts should be made smooth and flat, haphazardly pruning a tree may lead to fungal infection, insect infestation, declining health, and death.

Tree compartmentalization process needs flat cut branches at the collar

Without following the 3-cut method when pruning medium and large-sized branches, the risk of tearing the bark from the underneath of the branch and down the trunk is significantly increased.

Another common hazard when pruning is the unintentional infection of the tree by using contaminated pruning equipment.

Solution: To avoid accidental contamination, sanitize all pruning equipment after each use. Dip the tools in a solution of 70% isopropyl alcohol or 10% chlorine bleach (household bleach).

Solution: To avoid stripping bark when pruning, follow the 3-cut method as described below:

Cut #1 known as a relief cut should be 6 to 12 inches away from the trunk on the underside of the branch and travel 1/4 of the way through the branch (this serves as a stopping point if the bark should tear as the branch falls).

Tree compartmentalization the pruning undercut is cut number 1

Cut #2 should be 6 to 12 inches further out from cut #1. This is a top-down cut and severs the branch from the tree.

Tree compartmentalization after pruning cut number 2

Cut #3 occurs flush with the branch collar, removing the remaining portion of the branch.

Tree compartmentalization after pruning cut number 3

Read more on the best time for pruning, cutting and emergency tree removal at fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/when-tree-pruning-cutting-emergency-removal-atlanta-ga

How Trees Heal – Compartmentalization

Trees do not heal wounds the way other living organisms do, they seal them. Since trees cannot replace damaged tissue, they have developed a clever way of dealing with potentially life-threatening wounds. Through a process called compartmentalization, a tree seals off damaged or diseased areas by forming walls around it, literally encasing it, allowing the tree to grow around it and flourish.

Compartmentalization Of Disease In Trees, also known as (CODIT), is a concept researched and studied by Dr. Alex Shigo. According to CODIT, there are four walls of protection created as cells modify themselves in response to wounds and infection:

Wall #1 This wall plugs normally conductive vascular tissue above and below the wound, stopping the potential spread of infected or diseased tissue within the cambium layer of the tree.

Wall #2 This wall is formed by the thick-walled latewood growth ring interior and exterior to the wound.

Wall #3 This wall is formed by ray cells which form a maze-like barrier to the spread of decay. Some of these cells undergo a chemical alteration, making them toxic to some microorganisms.

Wall #4 The strongest of the four walls, also known as the barrier wall (or barrier zone), is made up of specialized woody tissue on the exterior of the tree. This wall closes a wound with new wood.

This process can be seen on trees that have been pruned or damaged as growth which slowly encloses the wounded area. For a tree to completely compartmentalize and seal off the exterior of a severed branch, it may take upwards of 15 to 20 years. However, within the tree, this containment process is fast-paced and extremely effective.

3 years after branch removal

Tree compartmentalization pruning wound after 3 years

5 years after branch removal

Tree compartmentalization branch pruning wound 5 years after the cut

10 years after branch removal

Tree compartmentalization branch pruning after 10 years

20 years after branch removal

Tree compartmentalization branch pruning 20 years after the cut

How to Help A Tree Recover from Wounds

After pruning or dressing a tree wound, you may be inclined to use a tree wound sealer or tree wound paint. However, it is not necessary for small and medium sized cuts. As long as proper pruning methods are adhered to, the tree will do the rest of the work itself.

When a tree wound sealer is used for excessively large cuts or wounds, the sealer must allow the wood below it to breathe and should not be applied to the extremity of the cut (where the bark is), as the compartmentalization process begins immediately after the wound has occurred.

The best way to help a tree recover from being wounded or pruned is to ensure proper fertilization, watering, and mulching methods.

Healthy Trees and Compartmentalization

Avoid inflicting life-threatening damage to your tree by following proper pruning methods and allowing it to do what it does naturally – compartmentalize.

In this article, you discovered how trees use the process of compartmentalization to recover from bark damage, wounds, and pruning.

When your trees have been pruned or damaged, your efforts to encourage their health through watering, fertilization, and mulching will aid them in completing their own recovery process through compartmentalizing damaged or infected areas.

Sources:
https://northernwoodlands.org/articles/article/woods-whys-how-trees-heal
https://articles.extension.org/pages/73762/how-do-trees-heal-after-they-have-been-wounded
https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/trunk-wounds-and-decay
https://forestry.usu.edu/trees-cities-towns/tree-care/tree-injuries

Fast Tree Removal Services Atlanta

3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965
Fast Tree Removal Services Dunwoody

2111 Peachford CirDunwoodyGA 30338
(404) 220-9963

The original post How Trees Recover from Wounds and Pruning appeared first on http://www.fasttreeremovalatlanta.com

Warning Signs, Problems and Solutions for Atlanta Trees

Tree problems and solutions in the City of Atlanta Ga

There are several dangers facing trees in your Atlanta landscape. The dense foliage within Atlanta, “the city in a forest,” is prone to facing health problems and can need your help.

Infestation, disease, and construction mishaps are causes that weaken and kill trees when they are not properly looked after. Your immediate action when a tree is in decline can be the difference in it thriving or dying.

This fasttreeremovalatlanta.com article identifies tree health symptoms and causes like construction damage, insect infestations, powdery mildew, and then offers easy to perform solutions for each of them.

Declining Tree Health Symptoms

When trees are in trouble, they typically exhibit obvious symptoms telling you that there is a much more significant problem at hand. Some of the more common symptoms requiring immediate attention are:

Dieback – This is a symptom of, soil compaction, infestation, disease, or girdling and occurs when the foliage, branches, and twigs begin to die from the outside in towards the trunk.

Tree dieback problems and solutions in Atlanta Ga

If not quickly addressed, large branches and entire portions of the tree will die and become brittle, potentially falling without forewarning.

To identify an insect infestation, look for entry and exit points appearing as rounded holes with either sawdust (pitch) or sap blow the hole.

Stunted Growth – When a tree is under stress from an insect infestation or disease, smaller foliage and reduced growth may occur. Often, the crown will be disproportionate with smaller and fewer leaves on one side.

If left untreated, the tree’s health will continue to decline, leaving it susceptible to multiple infestations, and eventually lead to its death.

Premature Leaf Drop or Late bloom – A deciduous tree stressed by compacted soil, severe infestation, disease, or partial girdling may drop its foliage in late summer before other trees, or may not bloom until late in the spring.

Stressed evergreen trees may lose more foliage than usual in late summer and fall, along with signs of chlorosis (yellowing of foliage).

This is an alarming sign which underscores the severity of what is happening within the tree and must be quickly addressed to save it.

Drooping Crown – A common symptom of soil compaction is when your tree’s crown appears to droop, or the foliage appears to be wilted.

This soil condition may cause irreparable damage to the tree’s root system resulting in hydraulic failure (when the tree can no longer transport water and nutrients to and from the roots) and eventual death.

Tree Problem – Construction Damage

Construction damage can be soil compaction from transiting or parked vehicles and heavy storage or waste containers left under a tree. Bark damage leading to partial or complete girdling may result from leaning equipment or being struck by vehicles.

These issues are not limited to construction sites, the integrity of the soil and trunk of your tree are vital to its survival and should always be protected.

Construction Damage Solution – The City of Atlanta has specific guidelines on tree protection for construction sites which must be implemented. The failure of a company or person to adequately protect trees on a commercial or private construction site may be met with steep fines, and in the case of a lost tree, a tree recompense and fine may be assessed.

Tree problems from construction damage in Atlanta Ga

In the case of soil compaction, it can be challenging to save a tree’s roots. Depending on the size of the tree, 15 inches to 3 feet of new topsoil may be required to counteract the effects of it.

Read more about reversing soil compaction here ecolandscaping.org/01/soil/dealing-with-soil-compaction/

In the case of bark damage and girdling, if the damage is severe enough that it cuts through the xylem and phloem around the majority or entire circumference of the trunk, the tree may already be dead.

In situations with lesser damage, bark patches have a better chance of restoring the flow of water and nutrients from the crown and roots. Uncover further information on bark damage here fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/handling-tree-bark-damage

Tree Problem – Insect Infestation

The healthier a tree is, the easier it can repel attacks from boring insects. Likewise, these pests will typically target trees in a weakened state of health. However, when the insect population grows and trees become limited, they will target and successfully invade healthy trees too.

Some beetle species will burrow into the heartwood and nest deep within the tree. Beetles carry fungal spores with them which germinate within the tree providing nutrients for their offspring and ultimately causing a fungal infection which further weakens the tree.

As their numbers grow, infestations can easily devastate entire urban landscapes, inflicting irreparable damage to multiple trees of all sizes and ages.

Tree insect infestations in Atlanta Ga

Insect Infestation Solution – When caught in its early stages, an insect infestation is easily managed through the use of insecticides, traps, and the removal of infected limbs or the source tree in its entirety.

In any case of an insect infestation, call a tree professional for expert advice on types of treatment and how to protect surrounding trees. The web, in addition to the insect can lead to tree disease or death. To learn more, read fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/insect-webs-tree-decay-disease-death

Tree Problem – Powdery Mildew

Powdery mildew is a fast-spreading fungal disease affecting a wide range of trees and plants. It commonly has the appearance of white powder stuck to leaves riddled with black spores.

This disease is difficult to control, as it is spread by wind, splashing water, insect, wildlife, or human activity.

Powdery mildew problems on trees in Atlanta Ga

In severe cases when enough foliage is covered by the disease, the host tree’s capacity to photosynthesize can be significantly reduced causing deficiencies and weakening the tree’s health, leaving it vulnerable to infestations and other infections.

Powdery Mildew Solution – Halting and preventing powdery mildew can be as easy as watering your trees. The following tips will help you quickly gain control over this disease.

• Neem Oil – Spray affected and surrounding foliage with a neem oil solution (2.5Tbsp per gallon of water) weekly.
• Home Remedy – Spray affected and surrounding foliage with a solution of 1Tbsp of baking soda and 1tsp of liquid dish soap per gallon of water.
• Garden and Pruning Equipment – All equipment used on infected plants and trees should be thoroughly washed then rinsed in a bleach solution (1/8 cup bleach per gallon of water). Alcohol may also be used in place of bleach (1 cup alcohol per gallon of water).

In cases where 25% percent or more of the foliage is infected, call a tree professional to offer suggestions for a more aggressive approach to controlling this disease.

For more on tree disease control and prevention, read fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/5-tree-shrub-disease-prevention-tips

Protecting Atlanta’s Tree Canopy

Don’t let your trees die needlessly. With so many trees in an urban setting, accidents, infections, and infestations are bound to happen, are you ready for them?

In this article, you discovered how to identify the problems and symptoms of a troubled tree, like construction damage, girdling, insect infestations, powdery mildew, and how to effectively treat each of them.

Your failure to act when your trees are injured or ill can result in their death and toppling. Avoid catastrophic damages and potential fines or recompense from the City of Atlanta by taking action while you still can.

Sources:
http://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=B1238&title=Common%20Landscape%20Diseases%20in%20Georgia
http://newswire.caes.uga.edu/story.html?storyid=5161&story=Fig%20Pest
https://www.atlantaga.gov/Home/ShowDocument?id=1538

Fast Tree Removal Services Atlanta

3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965
Fast Tree Removal Services Dunwoody

2111 Peachford CirDunwoodyGA 30338
(404) 220-9963

The original post Warning Signs, Problems and Solutions for Atlanta Trees appeared first on http://www.fasttreeremovalatlanta.com

Importance of Trees to the Environment

Trees in the wilderness help maintain our hospitable environment

Without trees, there’s no environment for life on earth. Every living creature is affected by the health of the world’s tree population.

Trees influence everything from the environment to our physical health. As the world’s tree population diminishes, ignorance and inaction are no longer viable options concerning our forest and urban tree population.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com gathered information on the importance of trees in our forests and urban settings for the environment, wildlife, and human health.

Importance of Our Forests

The importance of our forests to the health of our planet cannot be overstated. One of the primary functions of trees is to consume CO2 from the atmosphere and release oxygen to it through the process of photosynthesis.

In fact, our forests are responsible for 35% of the oxygen used by the Earth’s inhabitants, soil stabilization, flood control, fresh water purification, and cooling the planet.

Forest trees play an intricate role in keeping the planet cool, by regulating the exchange of solar energy and water between the planet’s surface and atmosphere, trees are one of the planet’s most significant defense mechanisms in stopping global warming.

Of the approximately 3 trillion trees growing today, 15 billion are felled, die, or are lost in wildfires each year. If these numbers are left unaddressed, our planet will lose its last tree in roughly two hundred years. Then, slowly, all life will expire as the world becomes inhospitable.

Trees maintain a stable environment for life to prosper

Visit fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/trees-dying-all-over-the-world to read more about the plight of trees on a global scale.

Urban Tree Benefits

Trees in the urban setting are fundamental for healthy living. The following are some of the benefits from a healthy urban tree canopy:

Improved Air Quality – Besides the oxygen they produce, trees absorb and store carbon dioxide. Trees also act as a filter by trapping and holding impurities, pollutants, and dust.

Increased Property Value – Because of their aesthetic value to a property, trees create curb appeal which translates to higher property value.

Boosted Wildlife Habitat – As squirrels, birds and other wildlife enter the urban setting, it is the trees that create microhabitats for them to seek refuge, acquire sustenance, and thrive.

Trees provide habitat and refuge to urban wildlife

Environmental Control and Regulation – Mature trees within a city efficiently absorb CO2, reduce wind speeds, moisten the air through evapotranspiration, and can significantly reduce the temperature in a city by reflecting solar energy.

Cities large and small across the nation recognize the need for a significant canopy cover and have developed or adopted tree ordinances which protect the health and population of their trees.

The most straightforward way to make a difference and improve the world you live in is to plant and care for a tree. If everyone did this annually, there would be 75 billion new trees within ten years.

Trees and the Environment

Trees are the stabilizers of the planet’s ecosystem. As forests return moisture to the air, they are fundamental in the formation of clouds, helping to regulate weather patterns, and as previously mentioned, participate in the production of breathable air for all surface life on the planet.

Trees act like scrubbers, removing pollutants from the soil and air and help purify freshwater streams and reservoirs.

As trees grow up, they also grow down. Tree roots are fundamental in the prevention of soil erosion and flooding.

While wildfires can be life-threatening and cause massive devastation, the soil left behind is carbon and nutrient rich.

Wildfires cause land disturbance which some tree species need to regenerate

It takes time, but most tree species are able to repopulate areas affected by wildfires successfully. In fact, some tree species like the quaking aspen depend on such disturbances to grow and thrive.

How Do Trees Help Birds and Animals?

Animals, insects, lichen, fungi, and even bacteria rely on trees for habitation, refuge, and food.

In both forests and urban settings, migrating species of birds will often seek out the same trees to nest in year after year. Some owls and woodpeckers will take up residence as the trees age and offer hollow spaces in their trunks for nesting.

Birds and wildlife seek habitat and refuge in trees

A single mature tree is capable of sustaining several hundred different species all at once.

Health Benefits of Trees

Besides all of the amazing things trees do to help stabilize our atmosphere and make it possible for us to live, there is another side to trees that is not spoken much of in today’s society.

For several millennia, trees have been treasured by indigenous people for their medicinal values. Species like oak, pine, and birch were once highly prized for the healing qualities of the leaves, bark, roots, and sap.

Pine trees have medicinal properties used by natives for centuries

Pine trees were regularly used to:

• Improve Blood Circulation

• Improve Vision

• Improve Skin and Hair Health

• Promote Respiratory Health

• Boost the Immune System

To learn more about medicinal trees and their benefits, visit fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/4-healing-trees-your-backyard

The Importance of Trees to Mankind

The fate of all life on our planet is intertwined with the survival of our tree population. Without trees to regulate and maintain the environment, there would be no life on Earth.

In this article, you discovered the importance of trees in forest and urban settings, how they affect the environment, wildlife, and our health.

As climate change and global warming become more of a threat to our planet’s ecosystem, ignorance and inaction must be replaced by attention and care for our urban and forest tree populations to survive.

Sources:
https://www.royalparks.org.uk/parks/the-regents-park/things-to-see-and-do/gardens-and-landscapes/tree-map/why-trees-are-important
https://ucanr.edu/sites/sjcoeh/files/74156.pdf
https://www.nap.edu/read/5492/
https://news.osu.edu/forests-fight-global-warming-in-ways-more-important-than-previously-understood/
http://cuer.law.cuny.edu/?p=1839

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4 Healing Trees for Your Backyard

Medicinal birch tree for backyard landscape

If you could grow or plant a tree that helps fight cancer, would you do it? Before there was modern medicine, trees offered mankind natural remedies to ailments through their leaves, bark, roots, and sap.

Among the herbs, and vegetables you grow in your backyard, some trees should be considered. Of the many tree species with medicinal properties, there are four that stand out and offer incredible natural benefits.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com gathered medicinal and healing property information for oak trees, pine trees, birch trees, and slippery elm trees.

Medicinal Tree Bark

For all of the trees in this article, there are many medicinal properties contained just below the bark (in a layer called the cambium). However, stripping the bark from any tree can lead to its decline in health, insect infestation, fungal infection, and death.

Removing rings of bark from around the circumference of a tree can cause girdling. Girdling is the strangulation of a tree, it occurs when nutrients can no longer flow freely through the cambium layer either by applied constant pressure (ropes and vines) or physical removal.

Healing medicinal removed tree bark girdling

To avoid girdling or the decline or death of your tree, select a branch to prune back, and use the bark from that branch.

Oak Tree Properties and Benefits

The Oak tree is a symbol of strength and endurance which has been chosen as the national tree of many countries. For as long as humans have walked the earth, oak trees have been a source of food, medicine, ceremonies, and building. Many traditions still consider the oak tree to be sacred.

Medicinal oak tree for backyard landscape

From Native Americans to European herbalists, the oak tree has been used to treat a variety afflictions such as:

• Swelling
• Dysentery
• Bleeding
• Tumors
• Poisoning Antidote

When made into a tea, oak tree bark serves as an effective diuretic, treats loose stools, ulcers, diarrhea, and can be gargled to soothe a sore throat.

When the dried inner bark is ground into a powder, it can be made into a paste by adding water, which can then be applied to the skin to treat poison ivy, burns, or wounds.

Pine Tree Properties and Benefits

The pine tree being one of the most abundant and useful tree species on our planet, is capable of providing food, medicine, and shelter.

Tea – A handful of pine needles steeped in boiling water for 5 minutes creates a tea packed with vitamin C.

Healing pine tree for backyard landscape

While the majority of pine needles are safe to consume, the following species are poisonous and should NOT be consumed:

• Norfolk Island Pine
• Yew
• Western Yellow Pine
• Ponderosa Pine (Bull Pine)
• Blackjack Pine

Vitamins and Antioxidants – Vitamin C is an essential component of the human immune system with powerful antioxidant properties which help in the prevention of disease and chronic illness. The consumption of dried pine bark or tea from its needles provides an incredibly higher amount of vitamin C than found in any other tree species.

Other antioxidants found in pine bark and needles are carotenoids and vitamin A. This combination, when consumed can provide the following benefits:

• Promotes Respiratory Health
• Boosts the Immune System
• Improves Blood Circulation
• Helps Prevent Cataracts
• Improves Vision
• Promotes Skin and Hair Health

Pine Nuts – All varieties of pine nuts are edible. As with the bark and needles, pine nuts are packed with antioxidants, as well as being rich in healthy fats.

Healing medicinal pine tree nuts

Birch Tree Properties and Benefits

Besides being an incredibly beautiful species, birch trees with their thin papery bark and colorful canopy offer much more than an appealing aesthetic.

This species has a multitude of uses and medicinal properties that most people are unaware of. The following are some of those benefits:

Birch Leaf Tea – When birch leaves are steeped in boiling water, the resulting tea can be used to help heal sores in the mouth, and assist in the healing of gout, kidney, and bladder problems.

Birch Bark Tea – Tea made from birch bark is an excellent detoxifier which serves as a laxative helping remove waste from the body. This tea also helps relieve the pain and discomfort caused by rheumatism, helps clear up skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema, and reduce fluid retention.

Healing medicinal birch tree for backyard landscape

Birch Sap – For hundreds of years, birch sap has been consumed as a health tonic and nutritional supplement. With a taste similar to maple syrup, the consumption of birch sap presents detoxifying, cleansing, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Betulinic acid is a compound found in birch sap with anti-tumor properties which help fight specific forms of cancer.

Researchers from Romania’s Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy tested betulinic acid against cervical cancer cells, breast cancer cells, and skin cancer cells. The team was able to confirm that the compound was able to halt the growth of both skin and cervical cancer cells.

Birch Water – Made from birch sap, birch water is a slightly sweet, thin syrup-like drink loaded with vitamins, proteins, amino acids, minerals, and offers many health benefits.

Slippery Elm Tree Properties and Benefits

A relative of the popular American elm, slippery elm was not a popular selection for landscaping. This species only reach heights of 50 to 80 feet, while the tree develops a vase-like shape, it is not as eye-catching or graceful as the American elm.

Healing medicinal elm tree and leaves for backyard landscape

Slippery elm gets its name from the trees inner bark which is mucilaginous (having a viscous or gelatinous consistency). Due to its soothing properties, it was widely used:

• As a poultice to heal wounds
• As a wound dressing
• For the treatment of infected or swollen glands
• As an eye-wash for sore eyes
• To make a tea taken as a physic
• To treat sore throats
• As a laxative
• To heal coughs and bronchial ailments

Healing medicinal slippery elm tree inner bark

For tips on preparing soil or planting trees, visit fasttreeremovalatlanta.com/tree-planting-soil-considerations-care-tips

Medicinal Trees for Your Backyard

The trees you grow may keep you well. Before modern medicine, mankind had tapped into the healing power of trees and plants using remedies made from their leaves, bark, roots, and sap.

In this article, you discovered the medicinal and healing properties of oak, pine, birch, and slippery elm trees.

Planting a medicinal tree in your backyard landscape adds diversity to your yard’s ecosystem while offering year-round beauty and some natural remedies to basic ailments.

Healing medicinal elm tree for backyard landscape

Disclaimer:
All possible measures have been taken to ensure the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, and authenticity of the above information; however, fasttreeremovalatlanta.com does not take nor assume any liability. Using any of the information provided by this article is solely at the readers’ discretion. In case of any medical emergencies or persistent health issues, fasttreeremovalatlanta.com advise you to seek qualified medical attention before putting to use any advice or tips given by any third party.

Sources:
https://www.extension.iastate.edu/forestry/iowa_trees/trees/slippery_elm.html
https://news.d.umn.edu/news-center/news/amazing-birch-bark-gets-boost-0
https://www.realnatural.org/researchers-determine-that-birch-bark-extract-blocks-cervical-and-skin-cancer-growth/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24568161
https://www.frostburg.edu/fsu/assets/File/ACES/ulmus%20rubra%20-final.pdf
https://forestry.usu.edu/news/utah-forest-facts/native-american-uses-of-utah-forest-trees
http://www.bio.brandeis.edu/fieldbio/medicinal_plants/pages/White_Oak.html

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Fast Tree Removal Services Atlanta

3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965

https://plus.google.com/106668165995494593621

Fast Tree Removal Services Dunwoody

2111 Peachford CirDunwoodyGA 30338
(404) 220-9963

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Fertilization Basics for Healthier Trees

Healthy tree growing in fertilized soil

Preventing trees from dying is easier when you understand their basic fertilization needs. When you blow or rake away fallen leaves, you are removing the tree’s natural food source. Read on to discover how to replace it.

Without periodic soil testing and fertilization, your tree’s health may decline. When this happens, insect infestation and disease may successfully attack and kill your tree.

fasttreeremovalatlanta.com collected information about fertilizer use, composition, and application, offering valuable insight into keeping your trees robust and healthy.

Why Do We Fertilize Trees?

Trees in landscapes and urban settings will require periodic fertilization to grow and remain healthy. In other settings, trees are able to fertilize themselves through the decay of fallen leaves and needles.

Fallen leaves decay to fertilize trees

Rich soil composition is vital to a tree’s health as it requires the availability of the following 18 nutrients and minerals:

Hydrogen
Carbon
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Calcium
Potassium
Magnesium
Sulfur
Copper
Iron
Manganese
Molybdenum
Zinc
Boron
Cobalt
Nickel
Chlorine

The trio of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen are used for cell formation and the production of food within the tree. While carbon and oxygen are absorbed from the atmosphere, hydrogen is acquired from the water absorbed by the root system.

With the natural decay of organic material or the application of fertilizer, the remaining nutrients and minerals necessary can be acquired from the soil and absorbed by the tree’s roots.

One of the principle reasons for fertilizing trees is to keep them healthy. Healthy trees are highly capable of defending themselves from insect infestations and diseases.

When their health is compromised, the weather, insects, disease, and wildlife can contribute to their rapid decline and death.

When Should I Fertilize My Tree?

As a rule of thumb, fertilizing trees should be done in the fall (after the growing season) or in late winter (before the growing season begins).

Your tree may need fertilizer if:

• The leaves appear yellowish through the summer.
• The leaves gradually reduce in size each year.
• There is minimal growth, even with optimal conditions.
• Fall color change and leaf drop occur early.

While these are typical signals that a tree is lacking nutrients, they may also be a sign that insects or disease may be affecting the tree’s health. Read this article for 5 Must Know Tree and Shrub Disease Prevention Tips

Before fertilizing and hoping for the best, call a professional tree service or arborist to evaluate the situation.

What Fertilizer is Best for My Tree?

Annual soil tests can help you determine the correct fertilizer composition. These tests also help you determine the pH level of the soil.

Soil pH level and fertilization

For trees that thrive in acidic soil, the pH level should be 6.5 or less, for those in base soil, that level should be 7.5 or above. Soil considered neutral has a pH of 7.0 (6.5 – 7.5).

Soil pH levels are easily adjusted by the addition of phosphoric acid or sulfur to make them more acidic. The addition of limestone, organic mulch, or wood ash will reduce the soil’s acidity. Many brands of fertilizer contain one or a combination of the above to adjust the soil pH level.

Wood ash used as fertilizer for alkaline pH

More often than not, the missing or deficient element in the soil is nitrogen, and as such, the majority of fertilizers contain it.

You can determine the composition of fertilizers in a retail setting by using the 3 numbers listed on the packaging. Those numbers represent the percentage by weight of:

• Nitrogen (N)
• Available Phosphorous (P2O5)
• Soluble Potash (K2O)

So, if the packaging of a fertilizer reads 10 10 10, that means that it contains 10% N, 10% P2O5, 10% K2O, and 70% inert filler. If there is a 0 in one of the three positions, that means the corresponding element is absent from the product.

Use these numbers to buy the fertilizer that will replace the deficiency in your soil.

Methods of Tree Fertilization

There are many ways to introduce fertilizer to a tree. The following are some of those methods:

Surface Application – Granular forms of fertilizer are evenly spread on the ground around the tree.

Granular fertilizer for surface application

Fertilizer Spikes – This method involves driving fertilizer spikes into the ground spaced out around the tree.

Foliar Fertilization – This method uses liquid fertilizer directly applied to the foliage of the tree.

Tree foliar fertilization with liquid fertilizer

Filling Holes – Similar to the use of spikes, holes 1in in diameter and approximately 18in deep are filled with fertilizer. The holes should be about 3ft apart beginning 6ft from the trunk and extending just beyond the reach of the canopy.

Fertilizer Injections – For this method, a hole is drilled into the trunk of a tree, liquid fertilizer is injected, and the hole is plugged. (There is still much research to be done on the long-term impacts of this method)

Annual Fertilization for Tree Health

Don’t allow your trees to starve to death! The soil composition of your yard may ultimately determine whether your tree grows and flourishes or withers and dies.

In this article, you discovered the importance of using fertilizer, its composition, and its proper application to promote tree health. You also uncovered the importance of the soil’s pH level and how fertilizer can help you adjust it.

Failing to provide essential nutrients to your trees can weaken them, leaving them vulnerable to insect infestation and disease. In short, neglecting to fertilize your trees when they need it can kill them.

Sources:
http://msue.anr.msu.edu/uploads/files/Fertilizer_application_methods_and_placement_Rebecca_Finneran.pdf
https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/SP548.pdf
https://pss.uvm.edu/ppp/articles/treefeed.html

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3379 Peachtree Road #555aAtlantaGA 30326
(404) 220-9965

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